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The comprehensive SEA on hydrocarbons
The strategic environmental assessment on the overall hydrocarbon option allows for the pursuit of studies to better evaluate the environmental, social, economic and public safety impacts of hydrocarbons.
The objectives pursued are to:
- evaluate the potential for profitable exploitation;
- remedy the lack of information concerning the techniques used, in particular hydraulic fracturing;
- analyse environmental hazards and the measures to be adopted to offset them;
- examine methods of governance that foster acceptance by communities and the sustainable development of territories;
- list the best practices to be implemented with the industry and local and regional partners;
- study oil and natural gas needs and assess the risks linked to different modes of transportation.
The SEA will broach the following themes:
- potential impacts on water, air, GHG emissions, ecosystems, health and safety;
- the capacity of the environment to accommodate industrial activities and the harmonization of uses;
- the likelihood that an exploitable resource is present, the attendant economic benefits and the sharing of royalties with local populations and the Aboriginal communities;
- the best practices to conduct hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation work, in particular hydraulic fracturing;
- environmental monitoring measures in respect of activities;
- a method of governance designed to encourage support by communities;
- risk management in respect of the security of individuals and property and the environmental impacts of different modes of transportation of hydrocarbons.
- Survey of knowledge and missing information: late 2014
- Additional studies: Fall of 2015
- Consultation and final report: End of 2015
- The 2014-2015 Québec Budget, tabled on June 4, 2014 by the Minister of Finance, makes provision for $4.5 million in 2014-2015 and $2 million in 2015-2016 to conduct two SEAs, one on the hydrocarbon option overall and the second one specifically on Île d’Anticosti, i.e.
- $1 million in 2014-2015 and $1 million in 2015-2016 will be allocated to the MERN;
- $3.5 million in 2014-2015 and $1 million in 2015-2016 will be allocated to the MDDELCC.