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> The approach
The government is taking steps immediately
- It is protecting drinking water through the tabling of the Règlement sur le prélèvement des eaux et leur protection.
- It is renewing existing conditions that limit oil and gas activities by:
- maintaining moratoria in the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence;
- temporarily renewing provisions in the Act to limit oil and gas activities.
The government intends to create suitable conditions before it contemplates hydrocarbon exploitation
- It is pursuing the acquisition of knowledge through the production of a strategic environmental assessment (SEA) on the entire hydrocarbon option.
- It is also initiating an SEA specific to Île d’Anticosti.
- It intends to adopt best practices in the realms of exploration and exploitation through the modernization of the legislative and regulatory framework in order to:
- ensure the joint management of hydrocarbons in the Gulf of St. Lawrence by:
- negotiating “mirror” legislation with the federal government that makes provision for conditions respecting hydrocarbon development in the Gulf of St. Lawrence (joint management zone), in particular the Old Harry geological structure;
- adopt legislation devoted specifically to hydrocarbons that will:
- ensure the safety of individuals and property and environmental protection;
- revise the royalty regime and the sharing of economic spinoff, especially in favour of local and Aboriginal communities.
The government wishes to ensure that the conditions exist to promote Québec’s economic development and the development of its regions
- It will ensure a stable, competitively priced supply of oil and natural gas. To this end, it will ensure the follow-up of the following projects in the interests of Quebecers:
- TransCanada’s Energy East project
- The purpose of the project is to convert a section of the gas pipeline into an oil pipeline and to build and operate a 4 600-km oil pipeline from Alberta to New Brunswick that will cross Québec. The project also calls for the construction of an oil handling terminal and a tank farm in Cacouna for exporting crude oil.
- The project is intended to transport up to 1.1 million barrels of crude oil a day and it should go into service in late 2018.
- The government wishes to ensure the project’s relevance, assess its environmental impacts and impact on natural gas supplies in Québec. The appropriate mandates have been assigned to the BAPE and the Régie de l’énergie.
- Reverse flow of the Enbridge 9B oil pipeline
- The project consists in reversing the direction of flow of crude oil in an existing pipeline.
- In this way, Enbridge intends to supply refineries in Québec, mainly with light crude oil from Western Canada and the American West.
- The government intends to establish a monitoring unit to promote information exchanges with Enbridge and with other stakeholders.
- Natural gas supplies
- The government will defend Québec consumers’ interests to promote the realization of major projects that create jobs and that require natural gas supplies.
- It will reduce the risks linked to the transportation of hydrocarbons by examining the comparative risks inherent in different modes of transportation.
- Within the framework of the SEA on hydrocarbons, the safety and integrity of different modes of transportation will be studied.
- The government will collaborate with the federal government to advance Québec’s interests.